United States federal executive departments
The power of the Executive Branch is vested in the President of the United States, who also acts as head of state and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces. The President is responsible for. Nov 05, †Ј Description. This lesson looks at the 15 cabinet departments in the executive branch and the roles and duties of the heads of each of those departments.
The United States government, along with state governments, are often said to have three branches: the whaf branch, the legislative branch and the judicial branch. The executive branch of the federal or state government has limited powers, with most of the power reserved for Congress or the state legislature, with the courts often having the final say in whether or not actions, including legislation, are legal. Off branches include presidents, governors, vice presidents, lieutenant governors, cabinet members, agency heads, committees, boards and commissions.
Understanding how each branch works will help you understand the role and duties of the executive branch. Real power in a government lies with the legislative branch. The president or a governor does not have the power to do that alone.
Only Congress can do that at the federal level, or the legislature at the state level, when it comes to departmeents taxes. A president cannot pass laws, declare war or pass international treaties. Only the legislative branch can do these things.
Article Two of the U. Constitution gives the president the authority to issue executive orders that pertain to the running of the federal government. Executive orders can be challenged in the courts and overturned if the courts determine they are unconstitutional.
A president or governor, along with the federal or state legislature, can only operate within the framework of the U. State, district how to jump start a tractor the U. Supreme Court rolr overturn the law because the law would violate the First Amendment of the United States Constitution, how do you top up bbm on ee states:.
For example, Congress can pass a law with a simple majority vote of each chamber. If the president believes the law does not represent the will of the people, he can veto the bill, meaning that it goes back to Congress, where the Senate and House can only pass the bill with a executivve majority vote.
As the leader of the executive branch, a president or governor can iss, support and promote legislation, making it more likely to pass. He or she can also tell the legislature that he or she will veto a proposed bill before it goes to vote. In addition to supporting legislation, the executive branch of a government carries out and enforces laws, according to USA.
The executive branch manages the administration of a government. A president or governor is the leader of the executive branch and appoints his or her cabinet, consisting of top-level advisors. Typically a cabinet includes the vice president or lieutenant governor, department or agency heads and other high-ranking government officials. These functions include education, commerce, the environment, food safety, communications and others.
Federal agencies include the U. The president nominates secretaries to run these organizations, and Congress approves or denies the nominations.
At the federal level, the president nominates the chair of the Federal Reserve Hwat, works with the Th. Chamber of Commerce and oversees agencies that provide labor, manufacturing, service industry, agricultural and other economic data. Some state judges are elected by voters, while others are appointed by the governor.
The president nominates district court judges, appeals court judges and Supreme Court justices, who are all part of the executige branch of the federal government. These wjat must be approved by Congress after being interviewed in public, explains Administrative Office of the U.
In some cases, judgeships go unfilled during the entire term how to make resin wall panels a president or governor if the parties cannot agree on a judge acceptable to both.
For example, President Barack Obama was not able to fill more than judgeships before he left office due to the Republican-controlled Senate denying these nominations, explains the Brookings Institution. The president and governors also command military forces. The president serves as commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces. A governor can call in the national guard to help during statewide emergencies, or send state national guard members to support U.
The president of the United States is also in charge of national security. This not only includes the military, but intelligence agencies, as well. A president and governors are heads of state, representing the country or the state. They give speeches, make appearances, give interviews and negotiate trade deals and treaties which must be ratified departtments legislatures. He has helped dozens of for-profit companies and nonprofits with their marketing and operations.
Steve has written departmenfs than 8, articles during his career, focusing on small business, careers, personal finance and health and fitness. Steve also turned his tennis hobby into a career, coaching, writing, running nonprofits and rxecutive workshops around the globe. What Are the Duties of the Executive Branch? Work Marketing and PR Depratments. By Steve Milano Updated February 16, Steps to Becoming a Foreign Ambassador.
The same holds deparfments for a state that might try to declare a religion for the state. References U. Senate: Vetoes U.
Courts: Judgeship Appointments By President Brookings Institution: Senate obstructionism handed a departmfnts of judicial vacancies to TrumpЧwhat has he done with them? Related Articles.
The executive branch carries out and enforces laws. It includes the president, vice president, the Cabinet, executive departments, independent agencies, and other boards, commissions, and waltergretzky.com roles of the executive branch include: PresidentЧThe president leads the country. 17 rows†Ј Jul 21, †Ј The United States federal executive departments are the principal units of . By the Constitution, the Executive Department is established to grant powers and impose duties upon the Office of the President. The powers granted to the Office of the President includes the title.
The power of the Executive Branch is vested in the President of the United States, who also acts as head of state and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces. The President is responsible for implementing and enforcing the laws written by Congress and, to that end, appoints the heads of the federal agencies, including the Cabinet.
The Vice President is also part of the Executive Branch, ready to assume the Presidency should the need arise. The Cabinet and independent federal agencies are responsible for the day-to-day enforcement and administration of federal laws. These departments and agencies have missions and responsibilities as widely divergent as those of the Department of Defense and the Environmental Protection Agency, the Social Security Administration and the Securities and Exchange Commission.
Including members of the armed forces, the Executive Branch employs more than 4 million Americans. The President is both the head of state and head of government of the United States of America, and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces.
Under Article II of the Constitution, the President is responsible for the execution and enforcement of the laws created by Congress. They are joined in this by other executive agencies such as the CIA and Environmental Protection Agency, the heads of which are not part of the Cabinet, but who are under the full authority of the President. The President also appoints the heads of more than 50 independent federal commissions, such as the Federal Reserve Board or the Securities and Exchange Commission, as well as federal judges, ambassadors, and other federal offices.
The President has the power either to sign legislation into law or to veto bills enacted by Congress, although Congress may override a veto with a two-thirds vote of both houses. The Executive Branch conducts diplomacy with other nations and the President has the power to negotiate and sign treaties, which the Senate ratifies.
The President can issue executive orders, which direct executive officers or clarify and further existing laws. The President also has the power to extend pardons and clemencies for federal crimes. The Constitution lists only three qualifications for the Presidency Ч the President must be at least 35 years of age, be a natural born citizen, and must have lived in the United States for at least 14 years.
And though millions of Americans vote in a presidential election every four years, the President is not, in fact, directly elected by the people. Instead, on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November of every fourth year, the people elect the members of the Electoral College. Apportioned by population to the 50 states Ч one for each member of their congressional delegation with the District of Columbia receiving 3 votes Ч these Electors then cast the votes for President. There are currently electors in the Electoral College.
President Joseph R. Biden is the 46th President of the United States. He is, however, only the 45th person ever to serve as President; President Grover Cleveland served two nonconsecutive terms, and thus is recognized as both the 22nd and the 24th President. Today, the President is limited to two four-year terms, but until the 22nd Amendment to the Constitution, ratified in , a President could serve an unlimited number of terms.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt was elected President four times, serving from until his death in ; he is the only President ever to have served more than two terms. When the President travels by plane, his or her aircraft is designated Air Force One; the President may also use a Marine Corps helicopter, known as Marine One while the President is on board.
For ground travel, the President uses an armored presidential limousine. Each elector casts one vote for President and another for Vice President. Before the ratification of the 12th Amendment in , electors only voted for President, and the person who received the second greatest number of votes became Vice President. The Vice President also serves as the President of the United States Senate, where he or she casts the deciding vote in the case of a tie. Except in the case of tie-breaking votes, the Vice President rarely actually presides over the Senate.
Instead, the Senate selects one of their own members, usually junior members of the majority party, to preside over the Senate each day. Kamala D. Harris is the 49th Vice President of the United States. She is the first woman and first woman of color to be elected to this position. The duties of the Vice President, outside of those enumerated in the Constitution, are at the discretion of the current President.
Each Vice President approaches the role differently Ч some take on a specific policy portfolio, others serve simply as a top adviser to the President. Of the 48 previous Vice Presidents, nine have succeeded to the Presidency, and five have been elected to the Presidency in their own right. This peaceful mansion has been the official home of the Vice President since Ч previously, Vice Presidents had lived in their own private residences.
While Senate confirmation is required for some advisers, such as the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, most are appointed with full Presidential discretion. The individual offices that these advisors oversee have grown in size and number since the EOP was created.
Some were formed by Congress, others as the President has needed them Ч they are constantly shifting as each President identifies his or her needs and priorities. Less visible to most Americans is the National Security Council, which advises the President on foreign policy, intelligence, and national security.
There are also a number of offices responsible for the practicalities of maintaining the White House and providing logistical support for the President. However, the majority of the staff is housed in the Eisenhower Executive Office Building, just a few steps away and part of the White House compound. The Cabinet is an advisory body made up of the heads of the 15 executive departments.
In addition to running major federal agencies, they play an important role in the Presidential line of succession Ч after the Vice President, Speaker of the House, and Senate President pro tempore, the line of succession continues with the Cabinet offices in the order in which the departments were created. All the members of the Cabinet take the title Secretary, excepting the head of the Justice Department, who is styled Attorney General. The U. Its aims include meeting the needs of farmers and ranchers, promoting agricultural trade and production, assuring food safety, protecting forests and other natural resources, fostering rural prosperity, and ending hunger in America and abroad.
The USDA also plays an important role in overseas aid programs by providing surplus foods to developing countries. The Department of Commerce is the government agency tasked with creating the conditions for economic growth and opportunity. The department supports U. The agency also formulates telecommunications and technology policy, and promotes U. The mission of the Department of Defense DOD is to provide the military forces needed to deter war and to protect the security of our country.
The DOD is the largest government agency, with more than 1. Together, the military and civilian arms of DOD protect national interests through war-fighting, providing humanitarian aid, and performing peacekeeping and disaster relief services.
The mission of the Department of Education is to promote student learning and preparation for college, careers, and citizenship in a global economy by fostering educational excellence and ensuring equal access to educational opportunity.
It administers federal funding for scientific research to further the goal of discovery and innovation Ч ensuring American economic competitiveness and improving the quality of life for Americans. Agencies of HHS conduct health and social science research, work to prevent disease outbreaks, assure food and drug safety, and provide health insurance. DHS has a broad and diverse mission set, including to prevent and disrupt terrorist attacks, protect critical infrastructure and civilian computer networks, facilitate lawful trade and travel, respond to and recover from natural disasters, protect our borders, and regulate the migration of individuals to and from our country.
Coast Guard, U. Customs and Border Protection, U. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, U. The Homeland Security Act of established the Department in response to the terrorist attacks of September 11, and brought together 22 executive branch agencies.
The Assistant to the President for Homeland Security and the Secretary of Homeland Security coordinate policy, including through the Homeland Security Council at the White House and in cooperation with other defense and intelligence agencies. The Department plays a major role in supporting homeownership for low- and moderate-income families through its mortgage insurance and rent subsidy programs.
Offices within HUD include the Federal Housing Administration, which provides mortgage and loan insurance; the Office of Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity, which ensures all Americans equal access to the housing of their choice; and the Community Development Block Grant Program, which helps communities with economic development, job opportunities, and housing rehabilitation.
HUD also administers public housing and homeless assistance. DOI manages approximately million acres of surface land, or about one-fifth of the land in the United States, and manages hundreds of dams and reservoirs. Geological Survey. The DOI manages the national parks and is tasked with protecting endangered species.
Every year it raises billions in revenue from energy, mineral, grazing, and timber leases, as well as recreational permits and land sales. The mission of the Department of Justice DOJ is to enforce the law and defend the interests of the United States according to the law; to ensure public safety against threats foreign and domestic; to provide federal leadership in preventing and controlling crime; to seek just punishment for those guilty of unlawful behavior; and to ensure fair and impartial administration of justice for all Americans.
Marshals, and the Federal Bureau of Prisons. The Attorney General is the head of the DOJ and chief law enforcement officer of the federal government. The Attorney General represents the United States in legal matters, advises the President and the heads of the executive departments of the government, and occasionally appears in person before the Supreme Court.
The Department of Labor oversees federal programs for ensuring a strong American workforce. These programs address job training, safe working conditions, minimum hourly wage and overtime pay, employment discrimination, and unemployment insurance.
Major responsibilities include United States representation abroad, foreign assistance, foreign military training programs, countering international crime, and a wide assortment of services to U.
Foreign Service employees Ч as well as with international organizations. At home, more than 5, civil employees carry out the mission of the Department. The mission of the Department of Transportation DOT is to ensure a fast, safe, efficient, accessible and convenient transportation system that meets our vital national interests and enhances the quality of life of the American people. The Department of the Treasury is responsible for promoting inclusive economic prosperity for all Americans.
The Department advances U. The Treasury Department also performs a critical role in enhancing national security by safeguarding our financial systems, implementing economic sanctions against foreign threats to the U.
The Department of Veterans Affairs is responsible for administering benefit programs for veterans, their families, and their survivors. These benefits include pension, education, disability compensation, home loans, life insurance, vocational rehabilitation, survivor support, medical care, and burial benefits. Veterans Affairs became a cabinet-level department in Of the 25 million veterans currently alive, nearly three of every four served during a war or an official period of hostility.
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