What is Osteoporosis and What Causes It?
Etiology. Osteoporosis is a systemic skeletal disease characterized by a low bone mass and abnormal bone architecture, which leads to compromised bone strength and a consequent increase in bone fragility and risk of fracture.  Consensus development conference: diagnosis, prophylaxis and treatment of osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is a skeletal disorder characterized by compromised bone strength, which predisposes the individual to an increased risk of fractures of the hip, spine, and other skeletal sites. The clinical consequences and economic burden of this disease call for measures to assess individuals who are at high risk to allow for appropriate waltergretzky.com by:
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Osteoporosis is a disease that weakens bones to the point where they break easily—most often, bones in the hip, backbone (spine), and wrist. Osteoporosis is called a “silent disease” because you may not notice any changes until a bone breaks. All the while, though, your bones had been losing strength for many years. Bone is living tissue. Feb 01, · Osteoporosis, a major public health problem, is becoming increasingly prevalent with the aging of the world population. Osteoporosis is a skeletal disorder characterized by compromised bone strength, which predisposes the individual to an increased risk of Cited by:
Osteoporosis is a bone disease that occurs when the body loses too much bone, makes too little bone, or both. As a result, bones become weak and may break from a fall or, in serious cases, from sneezing or minor bumps. When osteoporosis occurs, the holes and spaces in the honeycomb are much larger than in healthy bone. Osteoporotic bones have lost density or mass and contain abnormal tissue structure. As bones become less dense, they weaken and are more likely to break.
About 54 million Americans have osteoporosis and low bone mass, placing them at increased risk for osteoporosis. Studies suggest that approximately one in two women and up to one in four men age 50 and older will break a bone due to osteoporosis. Breaking a bone is a serious complication of osteoporosis, especially with older patients.
Osteoporotic bone breaks are most likely to occur in the hip, spine or wrist, but other bones can break too. In addition to causing permanent pain, osteoporosis causes some patients to lose height. When osteoporosis affects vertebrae, or the bones of the spine, it often leads to a stooped or hunched posture. Osteoporosis may limit mobility, which often leads to feelings of isolation or depression.
Additionally, twenty percent of seniors who break a hip die within one year from either complications related to the broken bone itself or the surgery to repair it. Many patients require long-term nursing home care. Breaking a bone is often the first sign of osteoporosis or a patient may notice that he or she is getting shorter or their upper back is curving forward.
If you are experiencing height loss or your spine is curving, be sure to consult your doctor or healthcare professional immediately. There are many health problems and a few medical procedures that increase the likelihood of osteoporosis. If you have any of the following diseases or conditions, talk to your doctor or health care provider about what you can do to keep your bones healthy.
Note: This list may not include all of the diseases and conditions that may cause bone loss. Talk to your doctor and ask if any of the conditions you have may be causing bone loss.
Some medicines can be harmful to your bones, even if you need to take them for another condition. Bone loss is usually greater if you take the medication in high doses or for a long time.
If you need to take a medicine that causes bone loss, work with your healthcare provider to determine the lowest possible dose you can take to control your symptoms.
While steroid medicines can be lifesaving treatments for some conditions, they can also cause bone loss and osteoporosis. These medicines are often referred to as steroids, glucocorticoids or corticosteroids.
They should not be confused with anabolic steroids, which are male hormones that some athletes use to build muscle. Steroids are much like certain hormones made by your own body. They are often prescribed to relieve inflammation. They are also used along with other medicines to treat cancer and autoimmune conditions and to support organ transplants.
Taking steroid medicines as pills in a dose of 5 mg or more for three or more months can increase the chance of bone loss and developing osteoporosis. Talk with your healthcare provider about taking the lowest dose for the shortest period of time for your condition. If you need to take steroid medicines for longer than this, you should take steps to prevent bone loss.
While taking steroids, it is especially important to get enough calcium and vitamin D. You may also want to ask your healthcare provider if you need a bone density test. Who Gets Osteoporosis? Membership in NOF will help build your practice, keep your team informed, provide CME credits, and allow you access to key osteoporosis experts. Bone is living, growing tissue that changes throughout the lifespan. Medical Procedures Gastrectomy Gastrointestinal bypass procedures. Cancer Breast cancer Prostate cancer.
Blood and bone marrow disorders Thalassemia. Mental Illness Depression Eating disorders. Pregnancy and Lactation Associated Osteoporosis PLO Temporary decreases in bone density are a normal part of pregnancy and lactation—but fractures during this time are extremely rare. Fractures of the spine associated with severe back pain are most commonly described, but PLO can also be associated with hip fractures or other types of fracture.
In the most common scenario, PLO is discovered after a pregnant or breastfeeding woman develops severe back pain, and imaging reveals multiple vertebral fractures. Some women with PLO have a pre-pregnancy diagnosis of osteoporosis, but most women with PLO have not been previously diagnosed with osteoporosis, and never had a bone assessment prior to the onset of symptoms.
Stay Connected Join our community to learn more about osteoporosis, or connect with others near you who are suffering from the disease. Sign Up Now Support NOF Join us in the fight against osteoporosis. Donate today! Donate Now Professional Membership Membership in NOF will help build your practice, keep your team informed, provide CME credits, and allow you access to key osteoporosis experts.
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