How Hong Kong has changed since handover
At midnight on July 1, , Hong Kong returned to Chinese control after a century and a half of British colonial rule. The handover was meant to establish a “one country, two systems” relationship between China and Hong Kong that would last until , with Hong Kong existing as a . Jun 29, · At midnight on July 1, , Hong Kong reverts back to Chinese rule in a ceremony attended by British Prime Minister Tony Blair, Prince Charles of .
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This is the world's largest, heaviest nut-- and you won't believe its shape. Hong Kong CNN — Hong Kong is a city that never stops moving -- but midway through a year political experiment as it transitions to Chinese rule, not everyone here knows which way they want it to move.
For the traveler, the appeal of Hong Kong is -- as it's always been -- that unique sense of history, energy and landscape. Whether in the green hills of the New Territories or the dense tower blocks of the Mid Levels, there's nowhere like it on Earth. Little wonder that so many -- from the Chinese to the British, to the Japanese, and then British again -- have fought over this destination. It's currently governed under an unusual structure, known as one country, two systems.
That means that although it's part of China, it has separate laws. In Hong Kong, they're used to working across divides -- whether geographical, lingual or ideological. Hong Kong island and Kowloon Peninsula sit across Victoria Harbour, connected for more than a century by the green and white Star Ferries that ply the water.
And there are two official languages -- Chinese and English. But travel to Hong Kong today and you'll find a city at a crossroads.
The vibrancy and purposefulness that created this place is now cut through with uncertainty. For some, that unique political experiment is beginning to take its toll.
Back inwhen Britain handed Hong Kong back to China after more than years, China agreed to maintain its British-implemented government system for 50 years. The Hong Kong Basic Law guarantees the freedoms of the people, such as the right to protest, the right to a free press, freedom of speech and so on. In fact, restrictions from China have led to pro-democracy protests, such as the "Umbrella Movement," which challenged Beijing's interference in Hong Kong's political affairs and demanded Hong Kong be allowed to choose its own leaders.
Fears for future. With a name what is law of inertia Demon Chef, Alvin Leung lets you know he means business in the kitchen. See how he creates Ode to the Dragon a dish named after a world legend. Now, with only 28 years remaining on the original plan, no one really knows what comes next. Will things stay as they are, move forward or could they take a step back once the 50 years are up? One thing's for certain: Hong Kong has gone through many significant changes since the handover.
With a population of more than 6. Now, it's an economic powerhouse -- Hong Kong's gross domestic product has doubled since A visit to the working-class neighborhood of Sham Shui Po, located in the heart of Kowloon, provides an insight into just how far things have evolved, offering a glimpse into the past amid rapid change elsewhere in the city. Formerly the center of Hong Kong's textiles manufacturing industry, it's filled with bustling markets, some of the best street food around as well as historic buildings like Precious Blood Convent, formerly an outpatient clinic for babies.
He echoes this resolve to keep the past alive. Opened in the bustling downtown district of Wan Chai init serves dishes inspired by events or people in history, such as martial arts legend Bruce Lee and even Doctor Seuss. As for the decor, Leung worked with an artist to create a spectacular mural that depicts pivotal movements in Hong Kong's history, such as the announcement of the handover. We came from a what is class a amplifier wikipedia humble beginning, but we have adapted.
Premium property. Wednesday night at the how to pan fry sirloin steak is a fun night for novice and experts. It's where all of Hong Kong society mixes: the horse owners, race goers and gamblers. The city's ever-changing skyline is one of the clearest indications of how rapidly it's adapted, particularly with the growth of Hong Kong Island's eastern districts.
Hong Kong now has more skyscrapers than anywhere else in what happened in hong kong in 1997 world. Much of the premium land ends up in the hands of the wealthy, meaning many Hong Kong residents live in shockingly cramped spaces.
As a result, property here is at premium, with the market considered the most expensive in the world. Positioned about meters above sea level on Hong Kong island, The Peak also serves as a major tourist attraction. Around seven million people take The Peak Tram, one of the world's steepest funicular railways, up here each year to witness the spectacular views of the city below.
While many of its properties were acquired by Hong Kong's Chinese residents after the handover, the main buyers are now people from mainland China. Sense of identity. As a free market economy, Hong Kong is largely dependent on international trade and finance, and mainland China accounts for around half of its total imports and exports.
Meanwhile, tourism contributed to the city's GDP by 4. But business aside, the political divides that developed during the year separation between the two remain strong. Prior to the handover, government affairs in Hong Kong were overseen by a governor selected by the British Crown.
But sincethe top Chief Executive has been chosen by an election committee of 1, people largely made up of pro-establishment voters who seem eager to carry out the wishes of the central government in Beijing. Frustrations over this system came to a head inresulting in the Umbrella Movement, in which tens of thousands of protesters shut down sections of the city for a staggering 79 days. Several protest leaders were recently jailed.
When a survey by the University of Hong Kong showed the number of young people living in the city who identified as Chinese was just 3. Many young residents now see themselves as entirely separate, identifying as Hong Kongers. With such tensions continuing, it's no surprise that the mere mention of the end of the year plan causes discomfort for Hong Kongers.
Now that the "one country, two systems" experiment is almost at its halfway point, only time will tell how things fare on the other side. However Yang, who grew up in the city during the handover years, says there's no doubt in his mind that Hong Kong will emerge stronger than ever. A year of the world's Best Beaches There's a perfect beach for every week of the year.
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Apr 26, · Back in , when Britain handed Hong Kong back to China after more than years, China agreed to maintain its British-implemented government system for 50 years. The Hong Kong Basic Law. Jan 19, · In September , after years of negotiations, the British and the Chinese signed a formal agreement approving the turnover of the island in . Hong Kong handed over to Chinese control Hong Kong has been handed back to the Chinese authorities - ending more than years of British control. The British flag was lowered over Government House - home to the last Governor Chris Patten for the past five years - at midnight last night.
The s in Hong Kong marked a transitional period and the last decade of colonial rule in Hong Kong. The decade was essentially dominated by the political backdrop of the handover. Following China's Tiananmen Square protest in , citizens feared the Chinese government would not keep its promise of autonomy after the handover in Hong Kong.
As a result, various mediating measures took place in the run-up to The pro-democratic bloc criticised it as not democratic enough. Patten emphasised the increase in democracy in Hong Kong through a series of measures that affected the election processes of both legislators and municipal officials. In , LegCo was passed and the Democratic Party denounced the provisional legislative council as illegal. The provisional legislative council operated from Shenzhen before the handover.
The flag of the United Kingdom and the flag of the Crown colony were lowered. This marked the transfer of sovereignty of Hong Kong from British colonial rule to Chinese rule. Participated guests in the ceremony included H. The population of Hong Kong in and was 6. Hong Kong's fertility rate also become the lowest in the world, having declined to just 5.
In , the outflow of people reached 62, people, or about one per cent of the population. The emigration rate would peak in with 66, people, followed by 53, in , and 62, in A comparable number of families also moved to Australia, Canada, and the United States. From the late s to s, Hong Kong's currency stabilised. The number of foreign workers grew from 9, in to 28, in and 32, in Women from the Philippines make up the majority with substantial numbers from Indonesia and Thailand.
Families in need of the helpers generally have both parents working at full-time positions. The foreign workers essentially run all home affairs from cooking, ironing, cleaning and caring for the young and old in the household.
Most households had 4 to 5 members including at least 1 child under the age of 12, while some include elderly people over From the worker's perspective, problems range from unfair treatments, discrimination to low wages were raised.
From the family perspective, problems range from privacy invasion to abuse type cases. Newspapers, radios and TV broadcasts have covered the subjects on numerous accounts.
To stir controversies, the media often claimed traditional amah Chinese servants as superior workers. In the early stages in their careers, Jacky Cheung and Leon Lai sang songs with Japanese melodies, but in the early to mids there was a public outcry for originality in local music.
In , the radio broadcasting company Commercial Radio , announced that it would play only locally-written music. The purpose was to encourage local musicians to write their own lyrics.
Mark Lui was a popular composer by the late s. In the early s, the entertainment industry became increasingly linked to Taiwan and mainland China. Numerous television drama series, especially with themes related to ancient Chinese, were imported from Taiwan and mainland China since the early s, such as Justice Bao imported from Taiwan by TVB and Romance of the Three Kingdoms imported from mainland China by ATV's Home Channel , with both dramas become very successful and created much discussion in the territory while broadcasting.
A further successful example is the television drama My Fair Princess , a Taiwan-Mainland co-production. Another example of a popular mainland pop star was Faye Wong. She was born in Beijing and began singing in Cantonese , but later sang in both Mandarin and Cantonese as her career grew. The Hong Kong film industry underwent several changes in the s, especially with the emergence of the mo lei tau culture, which became synonymous with comedian Stephen Chow. Some critics claimed those films were made to alleviate social tension.
In , Hong Kong's Court of Final Appeal ruled that children born on the mainland would be entitled the right of abode in Hong Kong so long as either parent was a Hong Kong permanent resident. This decision led to the government's reinterpretation of the Basic Law which overturned the ruling and determined that a parent would have to be a Hong Kong permanent resident at the time of the child's birth to transmit residency.
At one point, the stock market fell by The government had to intervene by buying billions of dollars worth of shares. While this may have prevented the market from collapsing and staved off pressure for the Hong Kong dollar to be unpegged from the US dollar, the move was widely criticised as it undermined Hong Kong's status of a free market economy.
In , the real estate bubble burst due to the government's housing policy, though the Asian financial crisis also had some influence. Upon the inauguration of Hong Kong SAR's first chief executive, Tung Chee Hwa announced the building of 85, flats a year, while reducing public housing wait time from 7 to 3 years. In , the Kai Tak Airport was closed. The initial years of operation were challenging as it utilised state-of-the-art computer systems, in just about every function imaginable.
The scale and size of the airport also required many innovative solutions from the Airport Authority. Over time, it became the central connecting point for many flights in the far east.
The Tsing Ma Bridge , part of the Lantau Link connecting the remote airport site to the city, was the world's second largest suspension bridge when it opened on 27 April Spanning 1, metres 4, ft , it is also the largest of all bridges in the world carrying rail traffic. Many of these related to the airport project, or to completing the New Territories orbital highway. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main article: Transfer of the sovereignty of Hong Kong.
Main article: List of Hong Kong films: s. Main article: Asian Financial Crisis. Leung, Beatrice. Hong Kong: HK university press. Page Chan, Andy. Chow, Wilson WS. Snape, Ed. Westwood, Robert. United Kingdom: Routledge. ISBN Harvard University Press. Retrieved on Hong Kong. Outline Index of articles. Crime Prostitution Sex trafficking. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file.
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