6 Facts About Feline Respiratory Infectious Diseases
B. bronchiseptica is a bacterium that commonly causes infections of the upper respiratory tract of cats housed in high-density populations, such as in shelters and breeding catteries. In these populations, approximately 5% of cats with signs of upper respiratory tract infections and % of cats that appear normal may harbor B. bronchiseptica. Infections spread through oral and nasal secretions, and can . Symptoms Of Upper Respiratory Infection In Cats. Sneezing and coughing. Runny nose (possibly with discharge) Lower appetite and weight loss. Eye discharge. Fever. Ulcers in the mouth.
And, since many people are adopting cats and kittens from shelters or other facilities where cats are housed in close quarters, respiratory conditions are a common concern among new cat owners. A number of factors are at play, including the highly contagious nature of many of the pathogens that cause the disease, poor ventilation, stress, and poor individual immune response, usually in kittens. Here are six other facts regarding respiratory infections in cats, including how to manage the disease in your own feline friend.
Like the common cold in people, feline upper respiratory infections URIs are often caused by multiple pathogens. While one cat may be infected with a single virus, others may be the unfortunate recipients of multiple pathogens, and they typically are associated with higher morbidity. Depending on the infection severity ib their immune response, your cat may show mild or severe clinical signs—and some will show no signs at all. Sick cats are also often less willing to eat, drink, or play.
The majority of sick kitties will clear a respiratory infection in 7 to 21 days, but some infections may last three months without proper treatment. While many cats will mount an appropriate immune response and eliminate the infection on their own, others need veterinary attention for medications, and still others require hospitalization for how to download yuvutu videos treatment.
Therefore, consulting your South Shores Pet Clinic veterinarian if your cat is sick is essential, to prevent a more serious infection. Kittens should receive their first combination vaccine for feline herpesvirus, calicivirus, and other important diseases between 6 and 8 weeks of age, and then booster vaccinations every three how to make multiple pictures into one four weeks until they are 16 weeks old. However, how to write a footnote in turabian style up-to-date vaccines will help minimize the disease severity, they cannot completely prevent infection.
Other preventive measures, including isolating your cat from other, healthy respirztory until clinical signs resolve, and disinfecting contaminated areas before exposing other pets, are also necessary if you have a sick kitty. Unfortunately, some cats with certain viruses can become chronic carriers. This means that the affected cat will carry the virus—either actively or latently—in their body for their entire life.
While you should always consult your South Shores Pet Clinic veterinary team if you have a sick pet, some at-home treatments can help congested kitties feel better. Start by bringing your pet into the bathroom when you take a hot shower—inhaling the steam may help break up any mucus in their nose or throat, and promote better breathing. Saline nasal sprays and humidifiers may be beneficial for this, as well.
Feline respiratory infectious diseases, while common, iin never pleasant—for cats or their owners. Fortunately, most cases can be cleared with minimal intervention and some basic preventive measures. Contact South Shores Pet Clinic if your cat has the sniffles, or for more information cauwes these common conditions.
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The infection may be caused by one or more viral and bacterial agents that are capable of causing disease in cats. The most common viruses that cause upper respiratory infections in cats are Feline Herpesvirus Type-1 (also known as feline viral rhinotracheitis or FVR) and Feline Calicivirus (FCV), while the most common bacteria that cause upper respiratory infections in cats are Bordetella . Signs of upper respiratory infection in cats may include: Sneezing. Fever. Loss of appetite. Low energy. Red eyes, swollen eyelids or eyes swollen shut. Snot. Eye discharge — either clear, green, white or yellow. Bad breath. The bacteria and viruses that most commonly cause upper respiratory infections (URIs) in cats are: Feline herpesvirus type-1 (FHV-1); also known as feline viral rhinotracheitis (FVR).
Upper respiratory infections are common in cats, especially among cats housed closely together in such environments as animal shelters, breeding catteries, and boarding facilities. Cat upper respiratory infections are also common among ferals living in large groups outdoors feral cat colonies.
Cats can develop infections of either the upper or lower respiratory tract. Feline upper respiratory infections URI affect the nasal passages, sinuses, oral cavity, pharynx and larynx voice box. Feline lower respiratory infections affect the trachea, bronchi, and lungs. Cats with upper respiratory infections may also experience lower respiratory infections. Cats may contract viral infections or bacterial infections from direct contact with other infected cats, or from contaminated items in the environment like food bowls and water dishes, litter boxes, bedding, and toys.
Cats may pick up fungal infections when they go outdoors. Sometimes, a cat that initially has a viral infection may develop a secondary bacterial infection.
Many different pathogens can cause upper respiratory infections in cats. Some of the most common include:. Almost all cats will be exposed to feline herpesvirus at some point during their lives. Kittens are most at risk for becoming ill. Feline herpesvirus causes upper respiratory infections as well as fever and corneal ulcers keratitis. A vaccine is available for feline herpesvirus part of a combination vaccine that also protects against feline calicivirus and feline panleukopenia virus.
This virus is extremely common and highly contagious. Most cats with feline calicivirus experience upper respiratory symptoms, but some go on to develop lower respiratory symptoms, including viral pneumonia.
A vaccine is available for feline calcivirus part of a combination vaccine that also protects against feline herpesvirus and feline panleukopenia virus.
This bacterium which was formerly known as Chlamydia psittaci mainly causes conjunctivitis, which is inflammation of the conjunctiva mucous membranes found on the eye and eye lid and eye discharge. Chlamydophila more commonly affects kittens and young cats. A vaccine is available, but it is not commonly recommended. Cats exposed to the bacterium Bordetella bronchiseptica may develop upper respiratory infections.
A vaccine is available for B. Bordetella infection is uncommon in pet cats. Although a variety of fungi can cause respiratory infections in cats, the most common culprit is Cryptococcus neoformans. Cats that inhale the spores of this fungus may experience symptoms of both the upper and lower respiratory tract. Other fungi, such as Aspergillus fumigatus, Histoplasma capsulatum and Blastomyces dermatiditis, generally cause lower respiratory symptoms like pneumonia. The symptoms of a feline upper respiratory infection resemble those of a human cold or flu, including coughing, sneezing, eye inflammation, lethargy, and more.
Cats with upper respiratory infections may have one or more of the following clinical signs:. Cats with upper respiratory symptoms may also experience one or more of the following symptoms of lower respiratory tract infection:. Treatment for an upper respiratory infection depends on what caused the infection and what symptoms the cat is experiencing. Depending on how sick the cat is, it might need only medications given at home, or it might require medications and supportive care like fluids and nutritional therapy.
In general, URIs in cats may be treated with some of the following:. In general, cats with mild to moderate URIs respond well to swift veterinary treatment. Upper respiratory infections in cats can be caused by many different pathogens, so treatment is dependent on what is causing the infection, whether it be a virus, bacterium or fungus. Do not attempt to treat your cat with home remedies or use any medication without explicit guidance from your veterinarian.
If your cat's upper respiratory infection was caused by something contagious, your veterinarian may instruct you to keep your cat separated from other cats until the symptoms are gone. You vet might also tell you to throughly clean and disinfect your cat's living areas, food and water bowls, litter boxes, bedding and other washable items with a diluted bleach solution.
With appropriate and prompt veterinary treatment, viral and bacterial upper respiratory infections generally clear up within days to weeks. Fungal infections may be trickier to treat. In some cases, treatment for fungal infections might last months. Upper respiratory infections can be mild or serious. Some URIs lead to lower respiratory tract infections, including pneumonia, which can be life threatening. Even without pneumonia, cats can become extremely sick or even die from a URI, especially if the cat is not eating or drinking enough.
Never delay seeking veterinary treatment if your cat is exhibiting any signs of a respiratory infection. The most common viruses and bacteria that cause feline upper respiratory infections cannot infect humans, so in general, cats cannot pass respiratory infections to humans.
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It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Some of the most common include: Feline herpesvirus FHV-1 Almost all cats will be exposed to feline herpesvirus at some point during their lives. Feline calicivirus FCV This virus is extremely common and highly contagious. Chlamydophila felis C. Bordetella Cats exposed to the bacterium Bordetella bronchiseptica may develop upper respiratory infections.
Fungal Infections Although a variety of fungi can cause respiratory infections in cats, the most common culprit is Cryptococcus neoformans. Symptoms of Cat Upper Respiratory Infections The symptoms of a feline upper respiratory infection resemble those of a human cold or flu, including coughing, sneezing, eye inflammation, lethargy, and more.
Frequently Asked Questions What can I give my cat for upper respiratory infection? How long does it take for a cat to get over an upper respiratory infection? Can an upper respiratory infection kill a cat? Can feline upper respiratory infection spread to humans? More From Cat Diseases. Cat Diseases. Popular in the community. Cat Health. Cat Behavior. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published.
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