Using IF with AND, OR and NOT functions
The IF function is one of the most popular functions in Excel, and it allows you to make logical comparisons between a value and what you expect. So an IF statement can have two results. The first result is if your comparison is True, the second if your comparison is False. The IF function runs a logical test and returns one value for a TRUE result, and another for a FALSE result. For example, to "pass" scores above =IF (A1>70,"Pass","Fail"). More than one condition can be tested by nesting IF functions. The IF function can be combined with logical functions like AND and OR to extend the logical test.
More than one condition can be tested by nesting IF functions. The result from IF can be a value, a cell reference, or even another formula. In the example shown above, we want to assign either "Pass" or "Fail" based on a test score. A passing score is 70 or higher. The formula in D6, copied down, is:. Translation: If the value in C6 is greater than or equal to 70, return "Pass".
Otherwise, return "Fail". Translation: If the value in C6 is less than 70, return "Fail". Otherwise, return "Pass". Note: If you are new to the how to become a vocational rehab counselor of formula criteria, this article explains many examples.
The IF function can return another formula as a result. The IF function can be " nested ". A "nested IF" refers to a formula where at least one IF function is nested inside another in order to test for more conditions and return more possible results. Each IF statement needs to be carefully "nested" inside another so that the logic is correct.
Up to 64 IF functions can be nested. For example, to return "OK" when A1 is between 7 and 10, you can use use a formula like this:. Translation: 0207 A1 is greater than 7 what qualifications do you need for teaching assistant less than 10, return "OK".
Otherwise, return nothing "". Criteria can be applied to dates, numbers, and text. The Excel AND function is a logical function used to require more than one condition at the same time. The OR function is a logical function to test multiple conditions at the same time.
The OR function can be used as the logical test inside the Skip to main content. Excel IF Function. Return value. Excel Usage notes. IF formula examples. Invoice status with nested if. Note: the "current date" i. Create date range from two dates. The TEXT function takes numeric values and converts them to text values using the format you specify.
The results are joined with a hyphen I of nth largest value with criteria. Check register balance. The value in G5 is hard-coded. The formula picks up the value in G5, then subtracts the value if it in E6 and adds the value if any in F6.
When the credit or debit values are empty, they behave like zero and have Minimum if multiple criteria. In the example, we have pricing on items in various regions. The goal is to find the minimum price for a given Student class enrollment with table. Note the purpose of this example is to how one way to "normalize" data when the order of values is random. There are many ways to approach this problem.
Max functiobs on given weekday. Nested IF function example. This article describes the Excel nested IF construction. Usually, nested IFs are used when you need to test more than one condition and return different results depending on those tests. Testing more than one condition Cap percentage between 0 and In order to understand this problem, make sure you understand how go number formatting gunctions.
In a nutshell, percentages are decimal values: 0. The number 1, when formatted as a Rank values by month. This example is set up fnuctions two parts for clarity: 1 a formula to determine the top 3 amounts for each month and ro a formula to retrieve the client name for each of the top 3 monthly amounts. Note there is no actual Lookup last file revision. At the core of this formula, we build a list of row numbers for a given file. Then we use the MAX function to get the largest row number, which corresponds to the last revision last occurrence of that file.
To find Most frequent text with criteria. In the example shown, we simply want to "mark" or "flag" rows where the color is "red" AND size is either "small" or "medium".
To return TRUE when items are red and small, we can use a uwe statement constructed with Two-tier sales tax calculation. At the core, this formula relies on a single IF function. Data validation with conditional list. Data validation rules are triggered function a user adds or changes a cell value. This formula takes advantage of this behavior to provide a clever way for the user to switch between a short list of cities and a function Related videos.
Why use array formulas? In exxcel video we'll look at three tk array formula examples. Traditional array formulas can solve tl problems, and building functipns formulas in the dynamic array version of Excel is easier than ever.
It's also easier to iff later. How to build a search box with conditional formatting. In this video, how much are the plane tickets to spain look at a way to create a search box that highlights rows in a table, by using funcctions formatting, and a formula that checks several columns at once.
The IF function. In this video we'll look at how to use the IF function, one of the most powerful and popular functions in Excel. If this OR that. In hoa video we look at how to combine the IF function with the OR how to use if functions in excel 2007 AND functions to test more than one condition at the same time. Related functions. Excel AND Function. Excel OR Function. See also. How to use formula criteria 50 examples. Email HP. I come from Portugal and work as Functipns Analyst so Excel is part of my routine.
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Using multiple IF statements in Excel (nested IF functions)
The IF function allows you to make a logical comparison between a value and what you expect by testing for a condition and returning a result if that condition is True or False. =IF (Something is True, then do something, otherwise do something else). Feb 02, · How to use IF function in Excel: Select the cell where you want to insert the IF formula. Using your mouse or keyboard navigate to the cell where you want to insert your formula. Use the IF function in combination with the AND function and the OR function and become an Excel expert. 1. For example, take a look at the IF function in cell D2 below. Explanation: the AND function returns TRUE if the first score is greater than or equal to 60 and the second score is greater than or equal to 90, else it returns FALSE.
IF is one of the most popular and useful functions in Excel. You use an IF statement to test a condition and to return one value if the condition is met, and another value if the condition is not met. In this tutorial, we are going to learn the syntax and common usages of Excel IF function, and then will have a closer look at formula examples that will hopefully prove helpful both to beginners and experienced users.
As you see, the IF function has 3 arguments, but only the first one is obligatory, the other two are optional. Though the last two parameters of the IF function are optional, your formula may produce unexpected results if you don't know the underlying logic beneath the hood. Here is an example of such a formula:. Technically, in this case the formula returns an empty string, which is invisible to the user but perceivable to other functions.
It's a bit unexpected, isn't it? And again, the most reasonable approach is to put "" in the third argument, in this case you will have empty cells when the condition is not met:.
Here's a formula example:. In this case, the returned values will be aligned left and formatted as General. Instead of returning certain values, you can get your IF formula to test the specified condition, perform a corresponding math operation and return a value based on the result.
Here are just a couple of formula examples:. The formula compares the values in cells A1 and B1, and if A1 is greater than B1, it multiplies the value in cell C3 by 10, by 5 otherwise. The formula compares the values in cells A1 and B1, and if A1 is not equal to B1, the formula returns the sum of values in cells A1:D1, an empty string otherwise. Using the IF function in Excel - formula examples Now that you are familiar with the IF function's syntax, let's look at some formula examples and learn how to use it in real-life scenarios.
The use of the IF function with numeric values is based on using different comparison operators to express your conditions. You will find the full list of logical operators illustrated with formula examples in the table below. The screenshot below demonstrates the IF formula with the "Greater than or equal to" logical operator in action:. Generally, you write an IF statement with text using either "equal to" or "not equal to" operator, as demonstrated in a couple of IF examples that follow.
Like the overwhelming majority of functions, IF is case-insensitive by default. What it means for you is that logical tests for text values do not recognize case in usual IF formulas. Translated into plain English, the formula tells Excel to return "No" if a cell in column C contains the word "Delivered", otherwise return "Yes".
Nor does it matter whether the word "Delivered" is in lowercase or uppercase in the source table, as illustrated in the screenshot below. Naturally, you can also use a cell reference rather than a text value in the 2 nd argument of the EXACT function, if you want to. However, this simple and obvious approach won't work. Many functions accept wildcards, but regrettably IF is not one of them.
For example, if No action is required both for "Delivered" and "Out for delivery" items, the following formula will work a treat:. At first sight, it may seem that IF formulas for dates are identical to IF statements for numeric and text values that we've just discussed.
Regrettably, it is not so. Neither of the above arguments is correct, alas. The complete IF formula may take the following shape:. As illustrated in the screenshot below, this IF formula evaluates the dates in column C and returns "Completed" if a game was played before Nov Otherwise, the formula returns "Coming soon".
For example:. Naturally, the Excel IF function can understand more complex logical tests, as demonstrated in the next example. Suppose, you want to mark only the dates that occur in more than 30 days from now. The complete IF formula may be as follows:. To point out past dates that occurred more than 30 days ago, you can use the following IF formula:.
If you want to have both indications in one column, you will need to use a nested IF function like this:. If you want to somehow mark your data based on a certain cell s being empty or not empty, you can either:.
The table below explains the difference between these two approaches and provides formula example. If A1 contains an empty string, the formula returns 0. Returns the results identical to the above formula but treats cells with zero length strings as non-blank cells.
That is, if A1 contains an empty string, the formula returns 1. Cells with zero length strings are considered blank. Cells with zero length strings are considered non-blank. Works the same as the above formula, but returns 1 if A1 contains an empty string.
Suppose, you have a date in column C only if a corresponding game column B was played. Then, you can use either of the following IF formulas to mark completed games:. Since there are no zero-length strings in our table, both formulas will return identical results:. Hopefully, the above examples have helped you understand the general logic of the IF function. In practice, however, you would often want a single IF formula to check multiple conditions , and our next article will show you how to tackle this task.
Please stay tuned and thank you for reading! I need help in Excel cell. I want to fill the time only if if is not filled. But unfortunately it is not working. Can you please help. Hi Can any one tell me how can i fill the Colour in Excel file. For text like Green , Yellow, Red. Hi, I'm trying to use an if function to check if a string value matches it, it adds the corresponding numeric value to a cell but it doesn't work.
So basically, I want the sheet to check that if Income is selected on the C range, the value from J is then added to the cell H7. This is for an expense tracker that I'm currently working on. Like when they put DONE or WIP in today date it will not change the date by tomorrow it self because it is updated once the date change by the next day.
If something is still unclear, please feel free to ask. I have an employee training log that goes back about three years. I need to know if and how I can write a formula in a different sheet to look at a list of required training, compare it to the training log and tell me on the new sheet what employee has not taken what training. Is this possible or are my hopes too high for excel? Unfortunately, without seeing your data it is difficult to give you any advice.
Please provide me with an example of the source data and the expected result. Hi I have a problem to use IF statement to give me text value when a numeric value condition is met. Example: If cell "A" is more than "15" should give text "H" High in cell B, if value equals "5" but less than "15" should give "M" Medium , and less than "5" should give "L" Low.
Please check out this article to learn how to use multiple conditions in a IF function. I hope my advice will help you solve your task. Hi, I hope you have studied the recommendations in the tutorial above.
It contains answers to your question. But when a date is inputted i want it to add 2 more days. Is that possible? I hope I answered your question. Hello, I'm working with a large amount of text in excel and trying to create a formula where text in one column name of country and text in another column name of a political party produces a specific pre-set code to identify a specific party.
Dataset includes dozens of countries and hundreds of parties. Could you please describe it in more detail? What result do you want to get?
Give an example of the source data and the expected result. I am trying to do a product costing spreadsheet. You can check 3 boxes for each VAT. With the IF function, you will check the value of 3 cells. You can also use the dropdown list and specify 3 VAT values in it. Then, in the formula, just use the value from the dropdown list.
I hope this will help, otherwise please do not hesitate to contact me anytime. It will work if I type the correct number in there but if it is coming from the small formula it is coming up up as "False" Can you help?
I hope that makes sense. All fields are text and I want to have the following logic. If anywhere within Investment Center'! All entires are text. If I understand you correctly, you want to return not one value, but an array.
Then try this formula. I'm trying to lookup if text matches to return a text string and if it doesn't match, to lookup in another sheet, but it only is seeming to check the first lookup, not the second. How do you want to know that cell A1 is being multiplied by a number?
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